The Waters of Mount Lebanon

by Susan Taylor Block

Courtesy of New Hanover County Public Library

From 1800 until 1884, the properties known today as Bradley Creek Point, much of Airlie Gardens, and beyond, were known as Mount Lebanon, the estate created by Judge Joshua Grainger Wright and his wife, Susan Bradley. The waters surrounding the breezy 300-acre estate sprouted sailboat races as early as 1853, but were golden with yachts from the 1880s until 1919, when legendary rice merchant Pembroke Jones, with the help of his friend Henry Walters, infused energy, enthusiasm, and national yachting connections into the little world of Wrightsville Sound. Though Sunday regattas were taboo in those days, it was difficult to keep thoughts of sailing at bay even within the hallowed walls of Mount Lebanon Chapel.

During the 1850s and 1860s, The Banks, as Wrightsville Beach was known, began to draw day visitors who wished to swim, crab, fish or simply sight-see. There was no bridge or trestle, so watercraft offered the only transportation to view the beauty and drama of theAtlantic Ocean. The journey from Mount Lebanon to view the ocean breakers was simple until at least 1858 because Deep Inlet, located near the present site of the Carolina Yacht Club, provided easy access. The inlet fed into Bradley’s Creek. Waves breaking on the shore created an audio backdrop, both outdoors and indoors, that ranged from enchanting lull to frightening roar. The worst effects were probably suffered in the September Storm of 1856, when it was reported that large waves broke one-half mile inland.

The waterfront banks of Mount Lebanon and the Wrightsville Turnpike (Airlie Road) served as a second beach for those who couldn’t arrange transportation over to The Banks. The open inlet added to the allure and the fishing. In later years, natives would refer to the shore line along Airlie Road as the “old beach.”

Like today, sailing vessels of this period required continuous maintenance and repair. During the 19th century, African-Americans did much of this work. Blacks also sailed with their owners or employers on most occasions. However, despite requests by some of the boat owners, non-whites were barred from accompanying their skippers during regattas.

Dr. Thomas Henry Wright, owner of Mount Lebanon, and his brother William, who owned Gabriel’s Landing, enjoyed recreational sailing probably as early as the 1830s. Wright owned the Rob Roy, a yacht named after the Scottish tales of Sir Walter Scott; Wright’s wife Mary Allan was from Scotland. William Wright, a corporate lawyer who lived on the north side of the Airlie Road curve, owned the Twilight and Qui Vive.

The Wright brothers’ nephew, Richard Bradley III, was a sailor, too. He owned two yachts that became Wrightsville legends: La Favorite, and The Princess. The Princess, built by a New York boat builder interestingly named Bob Fish, cost a whopping $700. The Princess was said to be shaped like an old pressing iron, with a bowsprit that hung 12 feet over the water.

Bradley, the first commodore of the Carolina Yacht Club, lived just east of the Bradley’s Creek Bridge. The Carolina Yacht Club, organized in 1853, gave structure to what happened naturally, when sailing vessels manned by stout-hearted men converged: extreme racing. The seven co-founders of the club were Bradley, Daniel Baker, Talcott Burr, T. M. Gardner, Richard J. Jones, Parker Quince and John Reston.

The Civil War changed local yachting. Many well-traveled, well-schooled young Wrightsville residents went away to fight for a cause over which some had misgivings. A large number of the sound’s early sailors, including members of the Wright, Latimer, Savage and Kidder families, had deep roots in New England. Despite some inner conflicts, nearly every recreational watercraft at Wrightsville was sacrificed to the Confederate Navy.

The Giles and Kidder families were close friends and, before the war, frequently appeared together on regatta rosters. During the war, Clayton Giles, while stationed at Proctor, N. C., ended a letter to his mother, Almeria Reston Giles at Wrightsville by asking about his old friends:

Our pay has been cut down again from $2.00 to .25 cents a day. The Governor is getting stingier than ever. Do you see anything of the Kidders?
Very affectionately, Clayton

(P. S.) Wish you were here to dine with me — Bill of fare: Breads, Corn Bread, meats: Bacon, Raw — 2 slices, River Water.”

When the war ended in 1865 the sailing families of Wrightsville grieved over lost family members and neighbors. Added to the incalculable human loss was a substantial economic slide, caused primarily by the failure of the Bank of Cape Fear, the Wright family’s largest holding. Many Wrightsville residents found themselves treading financial waters, and just barely keeping afloat.

By 1873, racing was back. In that year the yacht club updated its records and redefined itself by officially naming its two favorite “places of business.” The first spot, literally the waters of Mount Lebanon, was “the banks of Wrightsville Sound just east of the mouth of Bradley’s Creek.” The second spot, a reminder of Wrightsville’s perpetual link to downtown Wilmington, was the Cape Fear River between Market Street and the Dram Tree, just west ofGreenfield Lake. At the time, the Dram Tree still stood in its entire gnarly splendor as the historic gateway to Brunswick and New Hanover County harbors, as sailors toasted their arrival and departure with a dram of spirits as they passed the ancient cypress.

Members of the Giles family lounge away at Edgehill, their home on Bradley's Creek, about 1910. (Photo courtesy of Kate Rhett Fox)

In the 1870s, Pembroke Jones Jr., (1858-1919) was already an avid sailor. His interest came honestly: His father, Capt. John Pembroke Jones, was a graduate of the Naval Academy and a captain both in the U. S. Navy and the Confederate Navy. In a dizzying example of old Wilmington’s famed “cousinhood,” Capt. Jones’ best Wilmington friend was Capt. John Newland Maffitt, whose daughter Florie was the mother of Thomas Henry Wright (the grandson of the Thomas Henry Wright who built Mount Lebanon Chapel), who was Pembroke Jr.’s best friend.

Pembroke Jones’ childhood home was located at 200 North Front St., but he grew up spending a lot of time on Wrightsville Sound. A great-great-grandson of Elizabeth and Richard Bradley, he had numerous relatives who lived both at Mount Lebanon and surrounding properties. In 1878, at the age of 19, he crewed on the White Swan, a 28-foot yacht with 12-foot oars, but, more often, he was aboard Norwood Giles’ boat, Ripple.

Giles, a young businessman who grew up on Bradley’s Creek, was a Civil War veteran who partnered with young Jones to form Carolina Rice Mills, a rice-processing business that sat near the foot of Chestnut Street, and had an office in New York, as well. The Ripple arrived from New York in 1875. It was 18-1/2 feet long and 8-1/2 feet wide, and for a time, it ruled the local waters. Subsequent boats would be named Ripple, but none came close to the string of racing victories the original craft compiled. Giles also owned Pirate and Benefactor. Other members of the Giles family enjoyed sailing, too. Remnants of the old “Giles fleet” sat moored on Bradley’s Creek as late as 1930.

Richard Bradley built the old Giles house, “Edge Hill,” in 1812. Though restructured, it still stands today, overlooking Bradley Creek. Long time residents Judge James Fox and wife Kate, a descendant of Richard Bradley, fit perfectly into the sailing traditions of old Wrightsville Sound.

Elegant prizes were awarded to the winners in the golden days of Wrightsville Sound regattas. For instance, William Latimer, another summer resident of Wrightsville, donated a silver ice pitcher to the winner of the 1887 Fourth of July regatta. Pembroke Jones awarded handsome flags to winners. Later, Jones and Henry Walters would give elaborate silver trophies to those who placed first in Carolina Yacht Club races. Jane Pope Akers Ridgway, Jones’ only surviving grandchild, donated several of these trophies to the Carolina Yacht Club, where they are now on permanent display.

Through ties of seasonal Mount Lebanon residents Pembroke Jones, Sarah Jones and Henry Walters, Wrightsville Sound had connections to other grander yachts, daunting in size. When in New York, Jones and Walters competed in New York Yacht Club regattas with some of the sleekest yachts in N.Y. competition. Both men served as commodores of the club, and Walters was a life member. Henry Walters headed sydicates that built two yachts to compete in the America’s Cup races. The Resolute won three straight races, but the Weetamoe, cosponsored by Cornelius Vanderbilt, lost.

Other remarkable vessels became dinner talk at the sound. William Vanderbilt, a frequent visitor to Airlie, often arrived in Southport aboardTarantula, a torpedo-style boat built by the British Navy. Standard Oil mogul Henry Flagler treated Walters and the Joneses to voyages aboard his yacht, Alicia. In time, Flagler married Mrs. Jones’ best friend, Mary Lily Kenan, whom he met at Airlie. Henry Walters himself owned Narada, a 224-foot ocean-going yacht that carried a crew of 32 men. Mr. Walters also hosted the Flaglers, as well as numbers of the Jones’ other close North Carolina friends, but guests often took a train to New York to board the yacht.

During the summer of 1903, Walters and the Joneses moored near ships occupied by King Edward VII and Kaiser Wilhelm II. Sarah Jones, who boasted that she hired florist Rudolph Topel away from the Kaiser may well have met Topel that summer. Eventually, Topel effected the original Airlie landscape plan that was conceived by Sarah Jones.

The Naradas most elegant days were over by the onset of World War I, when Walters turned the yacht over to the U. S. Navy. After the war, the Narada was returned, but Walters’ big yachting days were over by that time.

The Murchison and Sprunt families joined the few others who split their time between sailing in Wrightsville Sound and more northern waters.   The Murchison’s owned a compound of cottages at Narragansett Pier, Rhode Island, where they sometimes raced with Jones and Walters, who lived in Newport several months every year. Descendants of Col. Kenneth M. Murchison, including daughter Luola, who married James Sprunt, of Wilmington and Orton Plantation, each owned a vacation home there. Unfortunately, fire destroyed most of the cottages.

At 224 feet, the Narada, Henry Walters' yacht, seldom neared Wilmington, but was the subject of much local conversation. This painting, which hung at Airlie during the Jones era, may have been painted by Sarah Jones Walters. (Courtesy of Lillian Bellamy Boney)

Today only paper trails and sterling trophies bear witness to the golden sailing days of Wrightsville Sound. But when you visit the Bradley Creek Overlook at Airlie, look out on the glistening waters of old Mount Lebanon and remember that there was a time when the jaunty sailors of Wilmington could hold their own with just about anyone.    *****

A Short List of Early Yachts that Raced in the Waters of Mount Lebanon:

Ripple, Norwood Giles; Carolina, Solomon Morse; Princess, Richard Bradley; Eleanor, John and William Giles; Flying Cloud, Daniel Baker; Vixen, Pembroke Jones; Nina, Edward Hall; Mabel, Edwin A. Metts; Pegotty, Fred Kidder; Vashti, R. H. Grant; Question, Julia Parsley; Carolina, Edward Kidder; Bumble Bee, Henry MacMillan; Rosa, J. M. Cazaux; Little Girl, T. N. Gautier; Young American, C. D. Ellis; Clarendon, Fred Kidder; Bubble, R. B. Cameron;, Dew Drop, Alexander MacRae; Saucy Jack, Richard Bradley; Atlanta, Clayton and Norwood Giles; Sand Crab, C. C. Morse; Jennie Q., Parker Quince; Flying Cloud, Daniel Baker; Eliza Ann, Henry Bradley; Caty-Did, Charles Burr; Fool Who, G. Lippitt; Spray, Edward Latimer; Git Thar, Donald MacRae; Puzzle, Edwin A. Metts.


Records of the Carolina Yacht Club, Lower Cape Fear Historical Society. “A History of the Carolina Yacht Club,” by Louis T. Moore. Carolina Yacht Club Chronicles, by Anne Russell. Perkins Library, Duke University. “Portraits of Members of the Class of 1854, University of North Carolina.” North Carolina Collection, Wilson Library, University ofNorth Carolina at Chapel Hill. Southern Historical Collection, UNC, Jane Pope Akers Ridgway, William R. Johnston, curator of the Walters Art Gallery, Lewis Philip Hall, and Eugene Hicks.


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Sunset over Banks Channel


Photo by John Reid Murchison II  (Click to magnify)


Day dies ablaze and

Not an ash lingers;

Transitory splendor

Painted with His fingers. 

                        – Susan Taylor Block

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Interview with Cecil Hunt: Early Construction at Wrightsville Beach

Cecil Hunt, 2000.

Mr. Hunt was interviewed by Susan Taylor Block, February 15, 2000, at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Luther Rogers, Jr.)

Mr. Hunt: His father worked for Luther T. Rogers, Sr., who built most of the early houses at Wrightsville Beach. Mr. Rogers and my father worked at the World War I Victory Shipyard together in 1917 and 1918. My father was Carl John Hunt, Sr. He was a contractor in Whiteville before and moving to Wilmington in 1917. So, when the shipyard work ended, Mr. Rogers went into business as a contractor, and my father became his general superintendent. During that period of time, they built most of the new houses on Wrightsville Beach, and everything that was built at Shell Island during those years.

Shell Island was an island with a fairly deep inlet, Moore’s Inlet, at that time. People used to fish in the inlet and I used to fish on Shell Island. There were no paved roads to the beach. The paved roads stopped at the mainland. Then you got on what was called the beach car or a flat car and they drove that across and there was a trestle. In fact, I rode on that thing and the whole railway was almost a trestle.

A lot of Harbor Island was low and muddy and had marsh grass on it. They built the railroad tracks through that. Now there were some high spots that I can remember. I was eight or nine years old then.

We used to pole a boat through the sound to the beach. When I first started going to there, the waterway was not dug. My Daddy would take me. We’d go at night. Back then few people had oars, and there were almost no nice boats. Mrs. Walters at Airlie had one, and Dr. Harriss had one.

When the work started on Shell Island, I went as often as I could. When we got to Banks Channel, we would stop where the freight car was sitting on the beach car line. Mr. Rogers and my father would have lumber and materials loaded onto it for our work. Sometimes they strapped all the materials together. The men would throw that in Banks Channel when the tide was going towards Moore’s Inlet and float it over to Shell Island.

Behind Shell Island there was pretty deep creek. They went in boats and steered the materials and tried to bring them in on the back of Shell Island on that creek. They would unload everything and take it over to the dunes. They built the pavilion right there in the dunes. I’m almost sure they built a water tank, too.

Mr. Rogers (Sr.) told me that one time my Dad was going over in a boat with some friends that we had and one of them was a black gentleman. His name was James Franks and he was pastor of a black church. He fell overboard and my Dad grabbed him and pulled him back in.

Crystal Pier (located east of the Oceanic Restaurant) and Atlantic View Fishing Pier (now the site of Johnny Mercer’s Fishing Pier) were built at the same time as each other. Crystal Pier was started first, but Atlantic View was finished first. We built the Atlantic View. Walter Hunt, my older brother, was superintendent on that one.

We would swim out with the creosoted pilings. We started on the land and took an old Buick motor and rigged it up to some pulleys and blocks and tackle. We built a chute out of wood and we’d get the piling in that. We had a hammer and this old Buick motor would pull the hammer up on the cable and drop it on the piling and drive it down into the ocean. We put in two pilings a day.

We put girders and braces on the pilings, bolted them on, put the joists on, and put the deck on that day before we went home. We put that thing on wood rollers and then we pulled it up the distance from piling to piling on skids. We put an A-frame over it. Then we did two more the next day.

Most of the people that worked on the Atlantic View Pier came from Atkinson because B. S. Reynolds was supervisor of the fertilizer plant there, and he’d send people over to help us. Luther Rogers, Sr. and B. S. Reynolds were in a partnership on some sort.

One reason the Crystal Pier project took longer was that a ship sunk there. Swimmers had been injured on the wreck for many years. The builders had to dynamite through the old ship hull to construct the pier. Dallas Orrell built the Crystal and I believe the superintendent was a man from Seagate named Dick Meadows.

(Portions of this interview were published previously in the book, Cape Fear Beaches.)

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Of Hot Dogs and the Burgaw Depot

by Susan Taylor Block

This small grainy photograph from our family’s collection captures a lot of Pender County history. Like Castle Haynes, the Burgaw Depot was once the intersection of the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad and millions of dollars worth of farm products. From Burgaw and villages nearby, produce and flowers traveled the rails to New York and innumerable other municipalities where they were marketed to businesses and individuals who, doubtless, reveled in their freshness. Trains carried manufactured products and passengers to and from the depot, too, but nothing quite compared in beauty to the long fragrant trains full of springtime jonquils.

Another kind of business, not connected with the depot, is represented in the forerground, where Lillie Willis Paul and husband A. A. Paul sit in their Model T. After initial success with some enterprising real estate transactions in Florida, the Pauls experienced dramatic reverses. They returned to North Carolina with little to live on, and nothing to invest. Mr. Paul wanted to establish a small barbecue restaurant in Rocky Point, that would attract hungry folks traveling up and down Highway 421.

Lillie and A. A. Paul, in Florida. (Hill-Taylor Collection)

In 1928, my grandfather,  Joseph Wright Taylor, loaned them $25 to get started. Granddaddy was struggling, too, but made the loan out of family love: Washington, NC natives Lillie Willis Paul and my grandmother, Bertha Willis Taylor, were sisters.

Bertha Willis Taylor (on right) and her mother, Sophie Mitchell Willis, on a visit to Bath, NC, about 1923. (Hill-Taylor Collection)

Over time, the business evolved in menu and fame to become a destination in itself. Today, many millions of hot dogs have been sold at “Paul’s Place,” and many tons of conversational “fat” has there been chewed.Paul’s Place thrives today, and still serves its signature meatless relish – the invention of A. A. Paul’s son, Beverly. Beverly came up with the secret recipe during World War II, when meat was scarce. Beverly’s son, Dave, manages Paul’s Place today. The main restaurant is located just yards from the site of the first location.



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Along the Cape Fear, indexed

Along the Cape Fear, by Susan Taylor Block, is a miscellaneous collection of old photos of Wilmington, North Carolina, and surrounding areas. It was published in 1998, and all proceeds go to benefit Cape Fear Museum. Cape Fear Lost can be purchased through, or at Cape Fear Museum, 814 Market Street, Wilmington, NC, 28401.


African American history, 2,14,15,18,32,40,49,51,55,63,78, 80,85,88,94,97,101,102-104

Airlie, 24, 46,95,117

Alexander Sprunt and Son, 50,51

Allen, Eleazer, 33

Alligator, 32

Allsbrook, O.O., 55

Alpha Kappa Alpha, 40

American Legion Post 4, 85

Anderson, 122

Armstrong gun, 82

Armstrong, Louis, 36

Artis, Thomas Hall (photographer), 40

Artis, Thomas Hall (pictured), 102

Atlantic Coast Line Railroad, 60,61,62,63,86,115

Atlantic School of Aviation, 78

Atlantic Trust, 59

Ayers, Herbert, 88

Azalea Festival, 44,45, 46, 47

Bacon, Henry, 120

Bacon, Henry, Jr., 105,112,120

Bacon, Katherine, 120

Bailey, Edward P., 86

Bald Head Island, 75,84,109

Balthis, William Leonard, 18

Bank of New Hanover, 13

Barney, J. Stewart (architect of the Lodge), 121

Baseball, 41

Beale, Ernest, 88

Bear, Solomon, 96

Beery, 126

Beery, Benjamin Washington, 113

Bell, Ann, 45

Bellamy Drug Co., 102

Bellamy Mansion, 110

Bennett, Jack, 78

Benton, Clyde H., 55

Benton, Herman, 107

Bergen, Polly, 44

Bernard, Ethel Ellen, 103

Big Bands, 36

Biggs, Oscar Kenneth, 92

Block, Fred, 95

Block, Hannah, 44

Block, Nathan Ellis, 22

Block Shirts, 22

Blockade Runner Hotel, 36

Bluethenthal, Arthur, 28,29

Bluethenthal Field, 29,78.79

B’Nai Israel Synagogue, 96

Bolles, Blanche, 95

Boney, Leslie N., 109,125

Boney, Sula A., 55

Bonitz Hotel, 115

Bordeaux, Jimmy, 99

Borden, Herbert, 19

Botesky, Millie, 89

Boys’ Brigade, 77

Bradley, Amy Morris, 114

Bradley Creek bridge, 34

Bridger, Mrs. J. A., 45

Bridges, Mary, 19

Brinkley, David, 76

Brown, Thomas W., 116

Brown, Walker, 88

Bruff, Tom, 88

Brunswick County, 32, 33,48,83,93,94.101,106,108,109

Brunswick Town, 47,93,94,101

Bullard, Ella Mae, 61

Bulluck, Dr. David W., 54

Bulluck, Ernest S., 54

Bulluck Hospital, 54

Bunting, 10

Burgwin-Wright House, 9,107

Burr, Mary, 19

Burris, Asa, 32

Calder, Robert, 45

Cameron, Bruce B., 125

Cameron, Dan, 45

Camp Davis, 89

Canady, Eva I., 55

Cape Fear Country Club, 16

Cape Fear Hospital, 54

Cape Fear Museum, 90,124

Cape Fear River, 2,4,10,50,65,68-73,74,75,84

Capra, Frank, Jr., 106

Carolina Apartments, 109

Carolina Beach, 37,62

Carolina Yacht Club, 16

Champion Compress, 50,51

Chandler’s Wharf, 123

Chestnut, Bertram, 63

Chestnut, Mabel, 103

Chestnut, Robert, 63,78

Chestnut, Robert II, 103

Chestnut Street Prebyterian Church, 97

Chestnut, Wade, 63,103

Chestnut, Wade, Jr., 63,78

Chestnut, Wade III, 103

City Hall, 20,27,86,126

City Market, 12

City of Southport, 73

Clarendon Plantation, 108

Clark, Chatham, 45

Clendenin, Gene, 88

Coley, Lawrence, 88

Colonial Apartments, 117

Colonial Dames, 20

Community Hospital, 55

Confederate Memorial, 120

Conley, Marie, 61

Cooper, 10

Cooperative Bank for Savings, 34

Cotton tiers, 51

Crabbing, 31

Crouch, 123

Custom House, 123

Cutlar, William, 97

Daggett, Mrs. W. T., 21

Daniels, Kenneth, 88

Dare, Professor, 11

Davis, George, 85

Davis, Mary Wiggins, 85

Delgado Mills, 27

Delts, Charles, 32

deRosset, Armand John, 113

deRosset, Katherine Gaston, 94

Dick, Frederick W., 32

Dickson, Al, 76

Divine, M.W., 118

Dixon, Pearl, 18

Dobbs, Gov. Arthur, 47

Donnelly, Hester, 45

Dreher, 27

Dunnegan Castle, 112

Eagles Island, 64,65

Eagles, Richard, 65

Eilers, Herman B., 111

Elks’ Club, 26

Elmison, 10

Emerson, William Ralph, 102

Empie, Theodore G., 32

Evans, Julius, 117

Evans, Minnie, 80

Fairfield Plantation, 107

Feast of Pirates, 34 Feast of Lanterns, 28

Fehmer, Carl, 102

Fergus Ark, 65

Finkelstein, Shirley, 95

First Baptist Church, 98, 111

First Presbyterian Church, 99

Fonvielle, Alex. W. Jr., 45

Flagler, Mary Lily Kenan, 77

Fort Caswell, 84

Fort Fisher, 82, 83

Fox, John A., 114

French, George R., 98

Front Street Methodist Church, 104

Galloway, 10

Geejoggle, 23

Germania Cornet Band, 100

Gibbs, Edward, 78

Gieschen, John, 100

Gilmour, A.D.P., 99

Gilmour, Nancy, 99

Golf, 17

Governor Dudley Mansion, 26,87

Grace Methodist Church, 104

Graham, Mary, 95

Green, Frances Iredell Meares, 21

Green, Dr. Samuel, 52

Greenfield Lake, 42,52,80

Guastavino, Rafael, 101

Halifax, Lord, 92

Hall, Alexander McDonald, 100

Hall, (Rev.) B. Frank, 22

Hall, Benjamin Franklin, 100

Hall, Bubber, 88

Hall, James Sprunt, 100

Hall, Jane, 100

Hall, Jessie, 100

Hall, John, 100

Hall,          Lewis Philip, 34

Hall, Louis Edward, 100

Hall, Louis, 32

Hall, Margaret Tannahill, 80

Hall, Norman, 111

Hall, Susan E., 100

Hall, Thomas Hoke, 22

Hanson, Rivers, 88

Harbor Island, 66

Hargrave, Alfred, 97

Harnett, Cornelius, 20

Harper, John, 62,72,73

Harriss, Catherine Grady Meares, 21

Hart, Alice, 34

Hart and Bailey, 110

Haskett, Harris, 88

Hawkins, Ed, 88

Heide, Sam, 97

Hemenway, Mary, 114

Hendren, Emma Bellamy Williamson, 116

Herbst, Frank, 24

Hicks, Glasgow, Jr., 45

Hicks, Mrs. Rufus, 52

High, Bessie, 55

Hill, Betty, 61

Hill, Lincoln, 32

Hilton, 10

Hogue, Mrs. Cyrus, Jr., 18

Holladay, Miriam, 28,29

Holt, David, 97

Hooper, William, 52

Horton Iron Company, 71

Horton, Ralph, 124

Horton, Terry, 71

Howard, Louisa, 95

Howe, Alfred, 102

Howell, Andrew J., 82,119

Howell, Claude, 43,74,75,80,109,111,126

Hugh MacRae Park, 124

Ide, Cora M., 55

Isaac Bear School, 125

Jackson, George C., 64

Jackson, Natalie, 18

Jackson, Owen, 18

Jacobi, Nathaniel, 96

Jacob’s Run, 107

James Walker Memorial Hospital, 55

Johnson, Dorothy B., 18

Jones, E. A., 88

Jones, Pembroke, 95,121

Jones, Sarah Green, 117,121

Kenan Fountain, 109

Kenan Plaza, 109,110

Kenan, William Rand, 77

Kennedy, Katie, 89

Kidder, Mrs. George, 20

King, Tommie, 97

Kirton, (Rev,) Edwin, 103

Landfall, 121

Latimer, Margaret Iredell Meares, 21

Latta, John C., 97

Lawrence, Jeffrey, 94

Lawther, Tommie, 97

Lee, E. Lawrence, Jr., 101

Lee, James, 101

Lee, Lawrence (Larry), 101

Lee, Mary Borden, 101

Lennon, Alton, 88

Leutze, Chancellor James, 125

Liberty Shipbuilding Company, 70,71

Lilliput Plantation, 33, cover shot

Lowry, Clara H., 55

Lumina, 35, 36,66

Macks, Jacob I., 96

MacMillan, Emma Woodward, 76,116

MacMillan, Helen (Lane), 20

MacMillan, Henry Jay, 20

MacMillan, Jane Williams, 20

MacMillan, Jane, 57

MacMillan, Margaret Anderson (Mardy), 94

MacMillan, W. D., 94

MacMillan, W. D., Jr., 85

MacQueen, Virginia Hamilton, 45

MacRae, Alexander, 112

MacRae, Hugh, 57,66,112,124

MacRae, Rena N., 124

Maffitt, Callie, 19

Maffitt, John Newland, 19

Maffitt, Mary, 19

Maffitt, McKean, 34

Manly, Alexander, 14

Manly, Carrie Sadgwar, 14

Market House, 11,13,89

Martin Crouch House, 123

Martin, Lola, 19

Martin, Walker, 44

Matthews, Curtis, 88

May, Harold, 88

McClammy, 126

McClure, Rev. and Mrs., 10

McClure, Alex, 97

McCarley, Lina McEachern, 53

McDowell, John, 93

McEachern, W. H., 53

McEachern, W. H., Jr., 53

McKenzie, Norman, 88

McKoy, Adair, 23

McKoy, Elizabeth, 23

McKoy, Henry B., 45, 58, 59

McKoy, James, 45

McKoy, Sue, 23

McKoy, William Beery, 120

McCallum, Sadie, 55

McPherson, Maggie, 19

Meares, Dick, 116

Meares, Eliza Walker, 21

Meares, Mary, 19

Meares, Thomas Davis, 21

Meares, William Belvedere, 122

Meier, Beulah, 45

Merritt, Jimmy, 88

Monroe, William P., 58

Moore, Louis Toomer, 41

Moore, (King) Roger, 106

Moreau, Prince, 14

Morgan, Rufus, 4,98

Morrison, Joe, 95

Morton, Agnes MacRae, 124

Morton, Hugh (photographer) 36, 37,44, 46,91,124

Morton, Hugh (pictured), 45

Mount Lebanon Chapel, 95

Movie industry, 106

Munson, 10

Murchison, 16,17

Murchison Building, 77

Murchison, David R., 118

Musslewhite, Bruce, 88

Nash, Samuel Simpson, 32

National Cemetery, 25

National Guard Armory, 90

New Hanover County Public Library, 76

New Hanover Memorial Hospital, 55

Newbitt, Dr. Charles, 53

Newport Shipbuilding Company, 71

Nevens, George, 38, 39

Norden, Eric, cover shot, 30,31,33,104,119

Norden, Laura Howell, 31

Norris, John S., 123

Nutter, Anna, 105

Oakdale Cemetery, 112

Ocean City Beach, 63

Ocean Terrace Hotel, 36

Oceanic Hotel, 67

O’Crowley, Pat, 34

Orrell Livery Stables, 52

Orton Plantation, 32,33, 56,94,106

O’Shields, Claude, 124

Oterson, Adolph,88

Owen, 14

Packer, F. H., 120

Peck, Alice Davis, 85

Pelot, Thomas, 82

Pennington, Anna Feenstra, 79

Pennington, Skinny, 78,79

Pennington, Warren, 78

People’s Bank, 13

Pierce, Marilyn, 28,113

Pleasant Oaks Plantation, 48

Poisson, Fred, 95

Poisson, Rockwell, 95

Pope, John Russell, 117,121 (architect of the Temple of Love),

Post, James F., 112

Powell, Sug, 53

Price, George, 97

Price, Joseph, 82

Prichard, John, 98

Prohibition, 64

Radcliff, Christine, 55

Railroad bridge, 12

Ramsay, John Ernest, 120

Reagan, Ronald, 44

Reaves, Cleveland VanBuren, 88

Rehder, 27

Rehder, Engelhard, 100

Rehder, Henry, 44,47

Rehder, John H., 100

Rehder, Stanley, 47

Rehder, Will, 100

Reynolds, Frances Thornton, 29

Reilly, James, 83

Rich, George Thomas, 92

Riot of 1898, 51

Rivenbark, Tony, 27

Rocks, The, 120

Rodman, R.B., 88

Ross, William, 95

Royster, Preston, 18

Royster, Susie, 18

Ruark, Robert, 27

Russ, Grace Jarrell, 90

Russell, Daniel Lindsey, 108

Russell, Daniel, Jr., 108

Said, ibn Said, 14

St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church, 97

St. James Church, 9,19,94,95

St. John’s Museum of Art, 116

St. John’s Tavern, 116

St. Mark’s Episcopal Church, 102,103

St. Mark’s Mission School, 103

St. Mary Catholic Church, 101

St. Paul’s Evangelical Lutheran Church, 100

St. Philips Church, 93

St. Philips Parish, 94

St. Stephen A.M.E. Church, 18,104

Schnibben, Charles, 58

Schorr, Laura Howell Norden, 31

Schulkern, 27

Scott Rhodes Jewelers, 123

Seapker, Janet K., 124

Sellers, Cooney, 88

Shandy Hall, 23

Shell Road, 25

Shipbuilding, 70,71

Shoo Fly, 62

Shore Acres Development Company, 66

Sloan, Samuel, 98

Smith Anderson House, 122

Smith, Hubert, 49

Smith, Mabel, 49

Smithsonian, 49

Solomon, Harry, 119

Solomon, Helen, 119

Solomon, Ida, 119

Solomon, Sigmond, 119

Southport, 74,75

Spangler, C.D., 125

Sprunt, Alexander, 97

Sprunt, J. Laurence, 32

Sprunt, James (Champion Compress), 50,51,68,100

Sprunt, Jane Dalziel, 51

Sprunt, Laurence G., 95

Sprunt, Margaret Tannahill, 100

Sprunt, Walter P., 97

Stadiem, Sadie, 22

Stanley, Mary L, 55

Starnes, James Roy, 92

Stefano, Vic, 88

Stone, Joe, 88

Strange, Bishop Robert, 19

Strange, Robert, 19

Steamer Wilmington, 72

Taft, President (visit to Wilmington), 113

Taylor, Allan, 19

Taylor, Catherine Harriss, 19

Taylor, Charles E., 32

Taylor, Henry, 97

Taylor, John Allan, 19,100

Taylor, Salome, 55

Taylor, Walker, 77

Temple of Israel, 96,98

Tennis, 17

Thalian Hall, 20,27,86

Thomas, Cornelius, 108

Thomas, Mrs. Cornelius, 108

Thomas, Neal, 108

Thompson, Frank, 64

Thornton, Goodlett, 29

Tienken, Fred, 88

Tileston School, 114

Todd, Bertha, 40

Topsail Beach, 63

Trask, Nell, 95

Troubetzkoy, Serge, 43

Troubetzkoy, Ulrich, 42,43

Tryon, William, 93

Turberg, Edward, 122

UNCW, 22,125

Union Station, 86

United States Post Office, 87

U.S.O. Club, 90

USS North Carolina, 91

Van Eeden, 57

Van Landingham, Francis, 95

Vann, Beth, 61

Venus Fly Trap, 47

Voight, Joe, 32

Von Glahn, Lawrence, 97

Von Glahn, William C., 97

Wade, J.E.L., 52,65

Walker, Jack, 83

Wallace Building, 52

Walters, Sarah Jones, 117

Walton, Edna Ann, 55

Walton, Emily Sue, 46

Washburn, Louise, 116

Washington, George, 48,65

Weil, Abraham, 96

Wessel, Jacob, 111

Whitehead, William, 20,116

Whiting, Katherine Walker, 83

Whiting, W.H.C., 83

Willetts, Fred, Jr., 34

Williams, Etta F., 45

Williams, Jane Iredell Meares, 20,21

Williams, William A., 21

Williamson, Leslie, 88

Williamston, George T., 58

Williston High School, 40

Wilmington Fire Department, 58

Wilmington Light Infantry, 88,100

Wilmington Morning Star, 76, 77

Wilmington Pirates, 41

Wilmington Public Library, 76

Wilmington Savings and Trust, 29

Winnabow Plantation, 108

Winter Park, 57

Wood, Clarence, 90

Wood family, 112

Wood, J.D., 68

Wood, Mrs. T. B., 90

Wood, Thomas, Jr., 90

World War I, 28,29,70,71,86,87,88

World War II, 71,89,92

Worth, Charles, 23

Worth, David Gaston, 21,23

Worth, Dr. George, center figure in cover shot,33

Worth, Julia Stickney, 21

Worth, Roxanna, McNeil, 21

Worth, William, 23

Wright, Joshua Grainger, 24,107

Wright, Capt. Thomas, 107

Wright, Dr. Thomas Henry (1800-1861), 19,95

Wright, Rt. Rev. Thomas Henry, 103,125

Wright, Thomas Henry (1876-1956), 41

Wright, Mr. and Mrs. Thomas H., Jr., (preservationists), 123

Wrightsboro, 107

Wrightsville Avenue, 25

Wrightsville Beach, 24,28,34,35,66,67

Wrightsville Sound, 24,30,31

YMCA, 117

Yates, C. W., 12

Yow, Edgar, 63





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Cape Fear Lost, indexed

Cape Fear Lost, by Susan Taylor Block, is a book about vanished architecture of Wilmington, North Carolina. It was published in 1999, and all proceeds go to benefit Cape Fear Museum. Cape Fear Lost can be purchased through, or at Cape Fear Museum, 814 Market Street, Wilmington, NC, 28401.


A. P. Hurt, 83

Abrams, Aaron, 93

Ahrens, B. H. J., 28

Airlie, 19,44, 46, 47, 48

Allen, J. S., 92

American Missionary Association, 66

Ancrum, John, 88

Anderson, Connie, 19

Anderson, Admiral, 42, 43

Anderson, Dr. Edwin, 42, 43

Anderson, Landon, 19

Atkinson, Bishop Thomas, 59

Atlantic Coast Line, 106, 107

Atlantic Fireboat House, 53

Atlantic National Bank, 89

Atlantic Trust and Banking Co. Bldg., 19, 91

Ashe, Col. Samuel, 12

Bacon, Frank, 31

Bacon, Henry, 7, 31, 32

Bald Head Island, 52, 124

Bame Hotel, 123

Bancks, Frank, 97

Bank of Cape Fear, 88

Bank of New Hanover, 61, 89

Barney, J. Stewart, 44

Bassadier, Philip, 81

Bear, Barbara, 36

Bear, Emmanuel Israel, 36

Bear, Isaac, 68

Bear, Janet, 119

Bear, Samuel, 36, 68, 71, 101

Bear, Samuel Nathan, 119

Bear, Sigmond, 99

Beery, William B., 105

Belk-Beery, 22, 105

Bellamy Mansion, 18 (pictured in montage), 25, 26

Bellamy, John D., 27, 90

Bellamy, Marsden, 103

Bellamy, Robert R., 25, 102

Bellamy, Virginia, 118

Bellamy, Dr. W. J. H., 70

Bellfont, 11

Berry, Dr. William A., 41

Bessie’s, 93

Bevill, W. B., 124

Bijou Theater, 21, 44, 96, 97, 98

Blockade Runner Hotel, 118

Block’s Cantfade Shirts, 99

Bluethenthal House, 57

Bobrow, Marshall, 111

Boney, Leslie N., 78

Bonitz, Henry, 31, 32, 37, 84, 87, 103, 108, 116, 120, 123, 124

Bowden, Emily Tilley, 35

Bowden, John Cowan, 35

Bowden, Robert H. 9

Bradley, Amy, 24

Bradley Creek Point, 16

Bradley, Richard, 17

Brady, R. H., 74, 97, 116

Bridgers, Mary, 57

Bridgers, Rufus, 57

Brown, Lindsay, 121

Brunswick County, 10, 51, 52, 124

Brunswick Hotel, 73

Brunswick Town, 10

Bugg, Eugene Blackwell, (93), 109

Burgwin, Eliza Bush, 12

Burgwin, Captain J. H. K., 13, 88

Burgwin, John, 12, 13, 88

Burgwin-Wright House, 12

Burnett, Dr. Foster, 72

Burr, Col. James, 88

C. D. Maffitt’s Supply House, 84,85

Camp Davis, 99, 111

Cape Fear Club, 18, 19

Cape Fear Country Club, 78

Cape Fear Hotel, 35, 93

Cape Fear Steamboat Company, 83

Carolina and Augusta Railroad, 57

Carolina Beach, 122-124

Carolina Insurance Company, 90

Carolina Oil and Creosote Company, 82

Carr, Gen. Julian S., 102

Caruso, Enrico, 44

Cashman, Diane Cobb, 24

Cassidey, James, 77

Castle Dobbs, 10

Castle Haynes, 12, 13

Central Carolina Railroad, 21

Chadbourn, James H., 102

Champion Compress, 86

Chestnut, Wade, 122

City Market, 81

Claypoole, Ann Wright, 17

Clitherall, Eliza, 13

Coca-Cola Bottling Company, 28

College of Physicians and Surgeons, 103

Colonial Apartments, 95

Community Hospital, 72

Cooper, Augusta Moseley, 100

Cornelius Harnett School, 64

Corbett, W. A., 48

Corbett, Wilbur, 48

Costin, Miles, 58

Cotton Exchange, 50, 53

Cowan, James, 123

Cowan, Robert H., 21

Crouch, Betty B., 109

David, Abram, 28

Davis, G. W. W., 13

Davis, Hon. George, 109

Davis, Thomas F., 29

Dawson, James, 18, 19, 88

Dawson, John, 18, 19, 88, 91

Delgado Mills, 102

deRosset, Captain A. L. , 14

deRosset, Armand, 13, 15, 59, 77, 95

deRosset, Elizabeth, 13

deRosset, Magdalene, 59

deRosset, William L., 113

Dickinson, Alice Lord, 23

Dickinson, Platt K., 23, 77

Dobbs, Arthur, 10, 11, 12

Drane, Dr. R. B., 59

Dry, William, 11

Dudley, James B., 64

Dunn, Carl, 53

Duryea and Potter, 27

East Wilmington School, 64

Ellis, Charles D., 77

Emerson-Kenan House, 34

Empie, Ann Eliza Wright, 16

Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina, 90

Eshcol, 42, 43

Evans, Julius, 47

Evans, Minnie, 47

Faircloth’s Seafood Restaurant, 116

Fairfields, 17

Farrell, Charles, 47

Feast of Lanterns, 117

Feast of Pirates, 2, 38

Federal Point Lighthouse, 52

Fidelity Development and Investment Co., 110

Fifth Avenue Methodist Church, 58

Finian, 43

First Baptist Church, 61

First Church of Christ Scientist, 57

First Presbyterian Church, 39, 60, 61, 62, 70

Flagler, Henry, 103

Flagler, Mary Lily Kenan, 74, 75

Flora McDonald, 83

Flowers Metal Works, 85

Fonvielle, Dr. Chris, 51

Formyduval School, 63

Fort Caswell, 51

Fort Fisher, 52

Fort Johnston, 51

Fraser, Margaret, 124

Fraser, Marshall, 124

Freeburn, Charles, 124

French, George R., 77

French, William, 123

Freret, W. A., 54

Front Street Methodist Church, 57, 58, 87

Frying Pan Lightship, 53

Gardner, Benjamin, 80

Gause, James F., 78

Gause, Dr. Roger, 72

Gause, Dr. Suzette, 72

George, Edward Payson, 71

Gieschen Brothers Atlantic Inn, 99

Gilchrist, William, 70

Glenn, Gov. R. B., 75

Goldberg, Aaron, 103

Goldberg, Lucile Sternberger, 37

Governor Dudley Mansion, 19, 82

Governor Worth, 83

Grace Methodist Church, 58

Graham, Jean McKoy, 14

Grainger, Isaac Bates, 14, 19, 88

Grainger, Joshua, 17

Grainger, Josie, 14

Green, Gen. Thomas Jefferson, 47

Greenfield Lake, 20, 97, 110

Greenville Sound, 40, 41

Greer, Mr. and Mrs. Robert G., 120

Gregory Community School, 67

Gregory Congregational United Church of Christ, 67

Greystone Inn, 123

Hall, Dr. B. Frank, 61, 95

Hall, Benjamin Franklin, 95

Hall, John, 61

Hall, Lewis Philip, 44

Hall, Thomas Hoke, 61

Hammocks, 114, 115

Hanby, John, 54

Hanson, Louis A., 82

Harbor Island, 114-117,121

Harbor Island Pavilion, 116, 117

Harnett, Cornelius, 11

Harnett, Mary, 11

Harper, Charles T., 71

Harper, Capt. John, 123, 124

Harper Sanitorium, 71

Harriss, George, 26, 61

Harriss, Meares, 35

Hawks, John, 11

Haynes, Roger, 12

Hemenway, Mary, 65

Hemenway School, 65

Hendren, Emma Bellamy Williamson, 27

Hermitage, 12, 13

Hewlett, Addison, 103

Hewlett, Elijah, 115

Heyer Building, 90

Heyer, Henry, 35

Heyer, Matt J., 35,90

Hicks, Rufus William, 20

Hicks, Sallie Spears, 20

Hill family, 11, 16, 17

Hill, Frank, 122

Hill, Frederick, 17

Hill, John, 11, 16, 17

Hill, Lula Freeman, 122

Hill-Wright Wootten House,  16, 17, 105

Hilton, 11

Hilton Hotel, 53

Holly Ridge, 111

Holt, Dolores Delgado Stevens, 102

Holt, Edwin C., 102

Holt-Wise House, 34, 102

Hooper, William, 43

Hotel Wilmington, 93, 109

Howard, Caesar, 96

Howard, J. H. “Foxy”, 96, 97, 98

Howe, Alfred, 81

Howe, Valentine, Sr., 71

Howell, Claude, 39, 61, 84, 124

Hunt, Walter, 55

Huntington, J. B., 73

Hurricane Hazel, 94,118, 120

Hutaff, George, 28

Immanuel Presbyterian Church, 74

Independence Mall, 22, 53

Independent Ice Company, 83

Isaac Bear School, 68

Island Beach Hotel, 114, 115

J. C. Penney, 79

J. H. Rehder and Company, 33, 91

James Walker Memorial Hospital, 25, 70, 71

Jewell, W. L., 72

Jones, Frederick, 17

Jones, Alice Dickinson, 23

Jones, Pembroke, 19, 23, 33, 44, 45, 46, 47

Jones, Sadie Green, 19, 44,46, 47

Joyner, J. J. 38

Julia, The, 79

Kelley and Hamlin, 21

Kenan, William Rand, 74

Keziah, Bill, 124

Kidder, Edward, 2, 20, 77, 103

Kidder, Frederick, 20

Kidder, Frederick, Jr., 123

King, Mrs. Herbert, 39

Kornegay, Mildred, 44, 97

Latimer, Mrs. Edward S., 115

Latimer, Harry, 90

Lazarus, Aaron, 19

Lee, Lawrence, 10

Leitner, J. F., 68

Live Oaks, 32

Lord, W. C., 56

Lumina, 8, 116,120

Lynch, James B., 69, 72, 103, 110

MacMillan and Cameron, 38, 110

MacMillan, Henry, 61

MacRae, Alexander, 29, 30

MacRae-Dix House, 2

MacRae, Agnes, 120

MacRae, Donald, 30, 31

MacRae Castle, 32, 33

MacRae, Hugh, 29, 31, 116, 120

MacRae, John, 54, 77

MacRae, Walter, 29

MacRae, General William, 31

Maffitt, Clarence Dudley, 84

Maffitt, Emma Hamblin, 84

Maffitt, Capt. John Newland, 84

Marcroft, Barbara, 33, 47

Market House, 80, 81

Marsden, Richard, 12

Masonic Temple, 50, 88

Maynard, 11

McCarl, Helen Weathers, 61

McCarl, James, 38

McCarl, Mary, 22

McCarl, Robert, 38

McEachern, Tabitha Hutaff, 28

McGinney School, 63

McIlhenny, J. K.,91

McIllwaine, Joseph, 89

McKoy House, 81

McKoy, Elizabeth F., 7, 8

McKoy, Henry Bacon, 50, 61, 85

McKoy, James H., 7

McKoy, William Berry, 7, 21

McKoy, Mrs. William H., 41

McMichael, J. M. 62

McMillan, Dugald, 77

McMillen, Charles, 28, 36, 74, 90

Meares, John L., 77

Metts, Captain James, 75

Miller, James Alfred Locke, Jr., 17

Monk Barns, 40, 41

Monkey Junction, 112

Monte Carlo by the Sea, 122

Moody, Dwight L., 86

Moore, Louis T., 2, 38

Moore, Maurice, 12

Moore, Nathaniel, 17

Moore, Roger, 35

Moore, W. J. 119

Morrell, Daniel, 29

Morton, Hugh, 53, 108, 118

Mosconi, Willie, 93

Moseley, Levi McKoy, 100

Motte Business College, 105

Mount Lebanon, 16, 46

Mount Lebanon Chapel, 16

Mrs. Potter’s Boarding House, 15

Mud Market, 81

Murchison, David R., 70

Murchison, J. W., 54, 108

Murchison, Col. K. M., 92, 102

Murchison, Kenneth M., 70

Murchison, Wallace, 103

Murphy, Dr. J. G., 39

Nakina, 63

Naval Store Yard, 82

Nehi Bottling Company, 99

Neuwirth Brothers, 85

Nevens, George, 94

New Hanover County Public Library, 22

Niestlies Drug Store, 72

Niestlie, William, 72

Norden, Eric, 50

Norris, John, 50, 80, 88

North Carolina Sorosis, 20, 38

Nutt, Henry, 77

Oak Island, 52

Oakdale Cemetery, 32, 76, 77, 88

O’Berry Hotel, 73

Ocean City Beach, 122

Ocean Terrace Hotel, 118

Ocean View Railroad, 115

Oceanic Hotel, 116, 119

Odd Fellows, 63

Odd Fellows Building, 103

Old Brown Bathhouse, 118

Olds, Col. Fred, 94

Omirly, Henry, 112

Orton Hotel, 89, 92, 93, 104

Orton Plantation, 17, 92

Orton Point, 52

Paradise Tree, 81

Parker Seed Company, 87

Parmele, C. B., 121

Parsley, Agnes MacRae, 31, 32

Parsley  family, 31, 32, 43

Parsley-Kuck House, 31, 32

Parsley, Oscar G., 77

Parsley, Walter L., 32

Parsley, Walter L., Jr., 32

Peabody Annex, 64

Pearsall, Philander, 95

Pearsall, Oscar, 95

Pembroke Park, 44, 45, 46

Penton, D. H., 73

People’s Bank, 89

Peschau family, 43

Plantation Club, 112

Platt, Horace, 115

Polly, Stephen B., 77

Pope, John Russell, 44, 45, 46

Popkins family, 111

Post, James F., 26, 30, 54, 57, 65, 77, 81

Potter, Ann, 20

Prease Brothers, 21

Price’s Creek Lighthouse, 52

Prince George Creek, 13

Queen of Mondigo, 29

Queen Street Mission, 39

Quinlivan, Daniel, 104

Quinlivan, Thomas, 104

Ransom, General Robert, 31

Reaves, William M., 49

Rehder, Carl, 97

Rehder, Elise Bissinger, 33

Rehder, Henry, 33

Rehder, Jessie, 33

Rehder, John H., 33, 91

Rehder, Will, 33

Reilly, James, 123

Rogers, Luther T., 121

Roller Coaster (Switchback), 115

Rosenwald Julius, 64

Royal Theater, 98

Rubin, Abie, 112

Ruffin, Peter Browne, 108

Russell, Anne, 17

Russell, Captain John, 10

Russellborough, 10

Ruth Hall, 78

Saffo’s Restaurant, 79

St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church, 25

St. James Church, 56, 59, 88, 105, 109

St. John’s Art Gallery, 98

St. John’s Episcopal Church, 59

St. Paul’s Lutheran Church, 60

Sam Jones Tabernacle, 56

Savage, Henry Russell, 88

Schad, Joseph, 108

Scott, Sir Walter, 41

Sea Coast Train Company, 114, 115

Seabreeze, 122

Sears-Roebuck, 79

Seashore Hotel, 118

Sedgeley Hall, 123, 124

Shaffer, E. T. H., 47

Shamrock Cafe, 87

Shell Island Resort, 121

Shoo Fly, 124

Sito, 43

Sloan, Samuel, 61, 89

Smith-Anderson House, 39

Smith, Andrew, 82

Smith Creek, 11

Snow’s Esso Servicecenter, 105

Sol. Bear and Company, 99

Solomon, Jake, 28

Solomon House, 32

Solomon’s Lodge, 43

Southern Building, 35, 90

Southport, 52, 74, 94

Southside Baptist Church, 62

Southside Pharmacy, 71

Springer, J. A., 54

Alexander Sprunt and Son, 83, 86, 87, 100

Sprunt, James, 15, 29, 70, 71, 75, 82, 86, 94, 103

Sprunt, Luola Murchison, 71

Sprunt, Marion, 71

Sprunt, Valeria, 94

Sprunt, William H., 25, 71

Stephens, Burrett, 34, 65, 90, 97, 98, 110

Sternberger, Henry, 98, 105, 113

Stewart, A. T., 14

Stokes, Miriam Burns, 45

Stone, R. R., 121

Stone Towing, 121

Stuart, Kate, 94

Sue McGinney Gregg House, 63

Sulke, Jacob M., 97

Sunset Park, 110

Swann-Weathers House, 38

T. J. Southerland Horse Exchange, 104

Tabb, Mrs. Bruce, 73

Taft, Pres. William Howard, 33

Tarrymoore Hotel, 119

Taylor, John A., 77

Taylor, Julien K., 90

Taylor, Col. Walker, 74, 75

Temple Baptist Church, 57

Temple of Israel, 36

Thalian Hall, 63, 96

Tidewater Power and Light Co., 116, 117, 120

Tienken, George M., 105

Tileston School, 24

Tryon Palace, 11

Tryon, Gov. William, 11

Tucker, H. A., 77

Turberg, Edward F., 103

U. S. Custom House, 50, 54

U. S. Marine Hospital, 69, 70

U. S. Post Office, 50, 54,55,63,98

U. S. O. Building, 34

Union Bus Terminal, 109

Union Station, 99, 107

University of North Carolina at Wilmington, 48, 68

Upjohn, Hobart, 61

Verrocchio, Andrea del, 45

Vollers, Elizabeth, 32

Vollers, Louis H., 37

Vollers, Luhr H., 32, 34

Waccamaw Bank, 103

Wachovia Bank, 89

Walker, James, 61, 69, 70, 92

Wallace, Mary Borden, 24

Wallace, Stephen D., 77

Walter, John Cabbage, 121

Washburn, Col. Ben, 53

Watkins, Thurston, 112

Weathers, C. M., 38

Weil, Ella, 34

Wells, Dr. John H., 62

Wells, Percy, 96, 97,98

Wells, Mrs. Percy, 97

Whitted, Mary Hannis, 61

Wilkins, Freda, 78

Willard, Martin S., 61, 90

William H. Green and Co., 91

Williston Industrial School, 67

Williston Normal School, 66

Williston Primary School, 66

Wilmington and Sea Coast Train Co., 115

Wilmington and Weldon Railroad, 17, 23, 57

Wilmington College, 48, 68

Wilmington Grand United Order of Odd Fellows, 78

Wilmington Hebrew Congregation, 60

Wilmington Iron Works, 39

Wilmington Terminal Warehouse, 108

Wilson, Joseph, R., 55, 61

Wilson, Mary M., 38

Wilson, Pres. Woodrow, 27,55, 61

Wise, Jessie Kenan, 102

Wood, Edward Jenner, 22

Wood, J. A., 92

Wood, John Coffin, 30, 57

Wood, Robert B., 57

Wood, Thomas Fanning, 22

Wootten, Leila, 17

Wootten, Mary Murphy, 17

Worth and Worth, 83

Worth, David Gaston, 83

Worth, Jonathan, 83

Worth, William E. 54

Wright family, 11

Wright, Judge Joshua Grainger, 16

Wright, John (of Philadelphia), 89

Wright, Joshua Grainger (1809-1863), 26

Wright, Mary Walker, 26

Wright, Susan Bradley, 16

Wright, (Captain) Thomas, 17, 43

Wright, Dr. Thomas H., 56

Wright, Thomas H. (1876-1956), 40, 68, 121, 123

Wright, William Augustus, 17, 26, 77, 102

Wrightsville Beach, 8,45,113-121

Young, Ammi B., 69

Young Men’s Christian Association, 73

Yow, Edgar, 122

Zackary, A. D., 102

Zackary, H. C., 102



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Sarah Green Jones Walters: The Childhood Portrait

by Susan Taylor Block, Airlie historian

Sarah Green Jones Walters, as a girl. (Photo courtesy of Glenn McAndrews)

A portrait of a young Sarah Wharton Green Jones Walters recently emerged in brighter form. Glenn McAndrews, of Ohio, had the good fortune to purchase the oil painting at auction. The beautiful work hung most recently at the Newport residence of Mrs. Walters’s granddaughter, Jane Pope Akers Ridgway.

The late Jane Pope Akers Ridgway, posing beneath her grandmother's portrait, in Newport. (Photo by Thomas Ridgway)

The painting shows a determined, confident female, holding a branch of greenery. The resolute, fearless image mirrors that of a photo taken of Sarah about 1915. Eleanor Wright Beane, who was in Mrs. Walters presence many times, said the photo below exhibited Mrs. Jones’s usual expression. That same presence is evident in the childhood portrait, and the same firmness of purpose enabled Sarah to function as a congressional hostess in her youth, and to create the original 155-acre Airlie garden landscape at the turn of the 20th century.

Sarah and Pembroke Jones, about 1915. (Agnes Rankin Beane and Susan Taylor Block)

Mr. McAndrews, who refurbished the frame, treasures the painting, and is eager to know more about its inception. Comments are welcome.

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Happy, happy Easter!!

by Susan Taylor Block

Baby green leaves against blue sky,

An Easter lily just opening its eye:

New life budding reminds us still

That God yet works, and always will.

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Azalea Belles

by Susan Taylor Block


The Belle Tea. (Photo by Millie Maready, 2012) Click on photos to magnify.

The Azalea Belle program is a product of Wilmington’s Cape Fear Garden Club. Founded in 1925, Cape Fear is the oldest and largest garden club in North Carolina. Since 1953, members have conducted and “staffed” enormously popular garden club tours in conjunction with the annual N.C. Azalea Festival – an idea conceived by club president Mrs. P. R. (Bess) Smith in 1952. Azalea Belles were added in 1969 to complement each garden with their own beauty and grace. The combination is captivating.

(Photo by Millie Maready, 2012)

Previously, young women in Colonial dress dressed up for special tours of Cape Fear gardens. The earliest documented example would be tours at Airlie Gardens and Orton Plantation to benefit non-profit projects. Sisters Florence Hill Moore (Dunn) and Ann Kidder Moore (Bacon) were outfitted in antebellum dresses when they posed for professional photos at Orton Plantation, about 1939 — the year Cape Fear Garden Club hosted the first Camellia Festival. Wilmington clothier Beulah Meier designed and made the Moore sisters’ attire. Today, a team of talented dressmakers crafts gowns for Azalea Belles.

Left to right: Sisters Florence Hill Moore (Dunn) and Ann Kidder Moore (Bacon), at Orton Plantation, 1939. (Photo by Bill Sharpe, NC Division of Archives and History)

Belles also appeared at some N. C. Pilgrimage events, tours that predated the Azalea Festival, and early Cape Fear Garden Club events. Author and historian Leora Hiatt “Billie” McEachern, who was club president from 1959 until 1961, encouraged the practice, but there was no continuity. In 1969, Azalea Belles appeared in the gardens for the first time as a coordinated group, and as an annual feature of the Cape Fear Garden Club Azalea Garden Tour©. Mrs. Harley Vance, president of the club, is credited for making belledom an official part of the Azalea Festival. She was assisted by belle enthusiast, Mrs. W. A. Fonvielle.

Belles in Raleigh. (Photo by Millie Maready, 2012)

That first year the club presented seven young ladies: Marsha Blake, Jean Burdette, Wanda Johnson, Beth Chadwick, Ginger King, Kathie White, and Pamela Wood. Five of them were daughters of club members, including Marsha Blake, whose mother was chairman of the 1969 tour. The hoops most of the girls wore belonged to their mothers, and were left over from the Cape Fear Confederate Ball held at Cape Fear Country Club, April 15, 1962.

(Photo by Millie Maready, 2012)

Currently, talented dressmakers Kay Godwin, Alma Fennell, and Debbie Sheu craft the gowns. Any girl who is at least 16 years old, in the 10th, 11th, or 12th grade, and is endorsed by a member of Cape Fear Garden Club, is a potential wearer-of-the-hoop. Cape Fear Garden Club membership continues to be an automatic qualifying factor for members’ daughters and granddaughters, and many years of work equity can boost a member’s descendants from ordinary belles to belles who meet the Governor.

Belles with Governor Beverly Perdue. (Photo by Millie Maready, 2012)

Glimpsing the cheery garden club members in their bright colors and floppy spring hats, Cape Fear Garden Club Azalea Garden Tour© visitors might not suspect that the club is an efficient, beautifully managed money making machine. The “green” they collect helps make the land of the Lower Cape Fear greener still. As an entity, they seek little credit for their gifts, and none whatsoever as individuals. The ladies simply carry on the big business and culture of flowers and the honorable practice of charitable giving, year after year.

(Photo by Millie Maready, 2012)

Currently, profits from the Cape Fear Garden Club Azalea Garden Tour© are channeled back into the community in forms such as beautification and horticulture grants; scholarships to the University of North Carolina at Wilmington and Cape Fear Community College; and conservation efforts at Battery Island, a National Audubon Society bird sanctuary.  They have distributed over one million dollars since 1953, including $83,000 in 2011.

At the Airlie Pergola. (Photo by Millie Maready, 2012)

Source: Susan Taylor Block, Belles and Blooms, published 2004, by Cape Fear Garden Club. Copies available at and:    All proceeds go to the Cape Fear Garden Club, Inc.



North Carolina State Legislature.

At the NC State Legislature.


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Ah, Wilmington: A Short Trip Home to North Carolina

Photos by guest blogger Catherine M. Gerdes

The Bellamy Mansion and Kenan Fountain at Fifth and Market.

Kilwins Chocolates and Ice Cream

Kilwins Chocolates and Ice Cream.

With old friends, Jill (far left), Melissa (second from right), and Tristen (far right).

Picking up where we left off. 

When in Roma….

A city of galleries.

The cottage Grandmother Marie built.

Jill’s baby shower cake.

Art on the Square. (Austih. Virginia Wright Frierson, “Trees for Columbine,” artist’s proof.)

Lewis Farms, March 26, 2012.

A Water Street Market.

Flowers at Champions.

Georgi, oblivious to pod and pollen.

(All Rights Reserved. Copyright 2012.)

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